The Power of ViewModel in Android Development using Kotlin

viewmodels by Osama Ghafoor


In the ever-changing landscape that is Android development, designers and developers are continuously looking for effective ways to manage data as well as every aspect of the UI lifecycle. One key component that has been recognized as a game changer in this regard can be found in the ViewModel. In this blog article, we’ll examine the advantages of using the ViewModel within Android Studio, with practical examples and code fragments.

Understanding ViewModel:

ViewModel is a component of Android Architecture Components, and is created to store and manage data related to UI in a sustainable method. Contrary to conventional approaches which could see data lost when a configuration change is made (e.g. the rotation of screens), ViewModel survives these modifications, ensuring users with a seamless experience.

The benefits of using ViewModel:

Data Persistence ViewModel can be an excellent option for managing and storing UI-related information. It guarantees that data remains over changes to the configuration like screen rotations. This improves the user experience since users can remain in the application without interruptions.

class MyViewModel : ViewModel() {
private val data: MutableLiveData<String> = MutableLiveData()

fun setData(newData: String) {
data.value = newData

fun getData(): LiveData<String> {
return data

Lifecycle Awareness: ViewModel is lifecycle-aware, meaning it automatically adjusts its behavior based on the current state of the UI component (Activity or Fragment). This eliminates the need for manual handling of lifecycle events, reducing the chances of memory leaks and other common pitfalls.

class MyViewModel : ViewModel() {
// ViewModel code here

Separation of Concerns adopting the Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) architecture allows for an unambiguous separation of interests. ViewModel handles the management of the UI-related information while leaving the UI component (Activities or fragments) to handle the user’s interactions and display of information.

Better Tests: ViewModel facilitates easier testing of business logic without having to rely on UI components. With clear ViewModel classes, unit testing is made simpler and results in an improved and more stable codebase.

fun testViewModel() {
val viewModel = MyViewModel()

viewModel.setData(“Test Data”)

assertEquals(“Test Data”, viewModel.getData().value)

Scored Data Retention ViewModel instances have been scoped to the related UI components. This makes sure that the data is only retained while there is a UI component is in existence. When it is destroyed, the UI component is removed the ViewModel associated with it is deleted, which prevents memory leaks.

class MyActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
private val viewModel: MyViewModel by viewModels()

// Activity code here

ViewModel within Android development is an effective tool that helps improve the management of data and provides an efficient and reliable user interface. Its lifecycle-awareness, combined with the use of MVVM’s architecture result in a simpler code, more test-friendly as well as a more enjoyable developing experience.


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Johan William

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